The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways in India stands as the proud custodian of what is hailed as "India's Exemplary Highway Network." Often referred to as National Highways, these thoroughfares boast outstanding infrastructure and contemporary attributes. Their design frequently incorporates flyovers for controlled access, ensuring seamless entry and exit from their sides. To alleviate traffic congestion within cities, towns, and villages, these highways feature flyovers at intersections and maintain a top speed limit of 100 km/h.
The sprawling expanse of India's Exemplary Highway Network encompasses interchanges in certain sections, though not all segments are entirely regulated for access. Collaborative efforts between the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL), the Central Public Works Department (CPWD), and state governments' public works departments (PWD) are dedicated to the construction and maintenance of these routes. Currently, National Highway 44 holds the distinction of being India's longest national highway, stretching over 4,112 kilometers (2,555 miles).
The National Highways Development Project (NHDP), meticulously overseen by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, plays an instrumental role in modernizing and expanding India's road network, fueling the nation's progress.
Specifically focusing on the expansion of a 124.52 km segment of NH 2 in Uttar Pradesh from four lanes to six lanes, the India's Best Highway Infrastructure Bypass NH 2 Project follows a build-operate-transfer (BOT) or design-build-finance-operate-transfer (DBFOT) framework.
Prominent features of the project comprise:
- A six-lane highway spanning 124.52 kilometers.
- An aggregate lane extension totaling 750 kilometers.
- A roadway stretch spanning 84.725 kilometers.
- Slip road span encompassing 30.282 kilometers.
- Inclusion of three significant bridges.
- Incorporation of thirty smaller spans.
- Integration of seven overhead structures.
- Establishment of seven railway overpasses.
- Implementation of noise barriers spanning 3.08 kilometers.
- Installation of streetlights covering a distance of 44.68 kilometers.
The anticipated project expenditure amounts to Rs. 3,244 Crores, underpinning the concession duration of 24 years.
Unveiling the Corridor:
The bustling National Highway 2 traverses several Indian states, weaving its way through Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal. It is commonly recognized as the Delhi-Kolkata Road.
Among the illustrious projects that the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has undertaken, the Agra Etawah Bypass NH 2 Project shines as a testament to its prestigious and ambitious initiatives.
Agra, Firozabad, Mainpuri, and Etawah are among the districts in Uttar Pradesh that the proposed route graces. The towns of Agra, Etmadpur, Firozabad, Shikohabad, Jaswantnagar, and Etawah stand as prominent landmarks along this route. These locales boast cultural and historical treasures, including the Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, and Red Fort, drawing visitors from across the globe. The Bharatpur National Park's avian sanctuary holds the honor of being a designated World Heritage Site. Additionally, the mausoleums of Itmad-ud-Daula and Akbar in Sikandara have been proposed as potential future World Heritage Sites.