With the continuous development of science and technology, the application of Internet of Things (IoT) technology in agricultural production is becoming more and more widespread. IoT technology can not only improve the efficiency and quality of agricultural production, but also achieve the goals of precision agriculture, green agriculture and sustainable agriculture.
1.Application Scenarios of Agricultural Internet of Things Technology
Smart Farming is a modern agricultural production mode integrating intelligence, informatisation and digitalisation constructed by using Internet of Things, big data, cloud computing and other technologies. By installing sensors, cameras, wireless communication equipment and other IoT equipment in the farm, it realizes real-time monitoring and data collection of farmland soil, crops, weather, environment and other factors, and realizes precision agriculture and improves the efficiency and quality of agricultural production through data analysis, prediction and adjustment.
Drone agriculture refers to a new type of agricultural production mode that uses drones for agricultural production management. Drones can carry out efficient monitoring and data collection of farmland soil, crops, weather and other factors by carrying a variety of sensors and cameras, and carry out operations such as precise fertiliser application, pest prevention and other operations on farmland, so as to achieve high efficiency and precision in agricultural production.
③Agricultural Logistics Management
Agricultural logistics management refers to the real-time monitoring and management of the harvesting, transport and storage of agricultural products using IoT technology. By installing IoT devices such as sensors in logistics equipment and packaging of agricultural products, the tracking and management of agricultural products can be realized, and the safety and efficiency of agricultural product transportation can be improved.
- Advantages of Agricultural Internet of Things Technology
①Improve Agricultural Production Efficiency: Agricultural Internet of Things technology can achieve real-time monitoring and data collection of farmland, crops, weather and other factors, and through data analysis and prediction, achieve precision agriculture and improve the efficiency and quality of agricultural production.
②Reduce Production Costs: Through the Internet of Things (IoT) technology to achieve precise fertiliser application, pest prevention and other operations, reduce pesticides, chemical fertilisers and other agricultural production costs.
③Promotion of Green Agriculture: Efficient agricultural production modes such as soilless cultivation and vertical farms are realized through Internet of Things technology, reducing the occupation and pollution of land and water resources by agriculture and promoting the development of green agriculture.
④Promote Sustainable Agricultural Development: Achieve new agricultural production modes such as precision agriculture and smart agriculture through Internet of Things (IoT) technology to improve the efficiency and quality of agricultural production and promote sustainable agricultural development.
- Challenges of Agricultural Internet of Things Technology
① Lack of Technical Maturity: At present, agricultural IoT technology is still in the early stage of development, and various technologies and standards have not yet been widely recognised and applied.
②Data Privacy and Security Issues: Agricultural Internet of Things technology requires a large amount of data collection and transmission, but data privacy and security issues also need to be paid attention to, and it is necessary to establish a perfect data security and privacy protection mechanism.
③Low Acceptance by Farmers: Some farmers are not very receptive to new technologies and may need more publicity and training, as well as more easy-to-use and practical products and services.
④ High Equipment and Network Costs: IoT in agriculture requires a lot of equipment and network support, but the costs are high and may require policy and market support to reduce equipment and network costs as well as to improve the cost-effectiveness of its use by farmers.
The application of agricultural Internet of Things (IoT) technology in agricultural production has a wide range of prospects and potential to improve agricultural production efficiency, reduce production costs, promote green agriculture, and promote sustainable agricultural development.